A lawsuit brought against the Obama administration by 26 states produced a ruling stating that President Obama's executive authority did not override the authority of Congress. The presiding judge likened the president's initiatives to a genie in a bottle and criticized the Obama administration for not opening the programs to public input or commentary prior to the attempt at implementation.
The Obama administration plans to request a stay of the ruling through the U.S. Department of Justice. A key program in the immigration reform plan, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, was slated for expansion and broader outreach to immigrants brought to the U.S. unlawfully as children. Another, Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents, was to begin taking applications as early as May. Critics of the programs note that children brought to the U.S. illegally are often placed with relatives living in the U.S., regardless of immigration status.